Child Sexual Abuse
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Forms of child sexual abuse include: Engaging in sexual activities with a child (whether by asking or pressuring, or by other means), indecent exposure (of the genitals, female nipples, etc.), child grooming, and child sexual exploitation such as using a child to produce child pornography.
Child sexual abuse can occur in various settings, including home, school, or work (where child labor is common). Child marriage is one of the primary forms of child sexual abuse; UNICEF has stated that child marriage "represents perhaps the most prevalent form of sexual abuse and exploitation of girls."[
The effects of child sexual abuse can include depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, anxiety, complex post-traumatic stress disorder, the propensity to further victimization in adulthood, and physical injury to the child, among other problems.
The global prevalence of child sexual abuse has been estimated at 19.7% for females and 7.9% for males. Men commit most child sexual abuse; studies on female child molesters show that women commit 14% to 40% of offenses reported against boys and 6% of crimes reported against girls. Most sexual abuse offenders are acquainted with their victims; approximately 30% are relatives of the child, most often brothers, fathers, uncles, or cousins; around 60% are other acquaintances, such as "friends" of the family, babysitters, or neighbors; strangers are the offenders in approximately 10% of child sexual abuse cases.
The word pedophile is commonly applied indiscriminately to anyone who sexually abuses a child. Still, child sexual offenders are not pedophiles unless they have a strong sexual interest in prepubescent children. Under the law, child sexual abuse is often used as an umbrella term describing criminal and civil offenses in which an adult engages in sexual activity with a minor or exploits a minor for sexual gratification.
The American Psychological Association states that "children cannot consent to sexual activity with adults" and condemns any such action by an adult: "An adult who engages in sexual activity with a child is performing a criminal and immoral act which never can be considered normal or socially acceptable behavior."